Christianity church essay history orthodox

Orthodox Christian Churches

Failure to comply resulted in punishments, including beheading, being tossed to the lions, or being burned alive.

Divisions between the two power centers in the Christian church gradually intensified. Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity.

Coptic Christian Church Essay

Mark, the African-born gospel writer, went to Alexandria, Egypt, sometime between 48 and 61 c. The Holy Spirit maintains the unity and consistency of the Holy Tradition to preserve the integrity of the faith within the Church, as given in the Scriptural promises.

Due to the influence of the Roman Catholic Church in the west, where the English language itself developed, the words "catholic" and "catholicity" are sometimes used to refer to that church specifically.

They were viewed as irresponsible citizens because many refused to sacrifice in the Pagan temples. Finally, in Arabs conquered Egypt. They tolerated different religious beliefs within and outside of Gnosticism.

Scholars recognize a variety of significant institutional, theological, and cultural markers in the development of Orthodoxy: Prominent Christians who went to the deserts included John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople; the Italian Jerome and Rufinus; Cappadocian father Basil the Great, who organized the monastic movement in Asia Minor; the French saint John Cassian, and Benedict who followed the Pachomian model in the sixth century, but made it stricter.

Ina council of bishops representing both the Eastern Orthodox and the Oriental Orthodox churches declared their Christologies effectively consistent, citing linguistic and political factors for the historical disagreement.

Orthodoxy[ edit ] Emperor Constantine presents a representation of the city of Constantinople as tribute to an enthroned Mary and baby Jesus in this church mosaic. For this reason, the eastern churches were sometimes identified as "Greek" in contrast to the "Roman" or "Latin" church, which used a Latin translation of the Bibleeven before the great schism.

Because the Ecumenical Patriarch—believed to be the first in honor among Orthodox patriarchs—is the Patriarch of Constantinople, Istanbul may be considered the spiritual center of the Orthodox communities.

Bishops are almost always chosen from the monastic ranks and must remain unmarried. The Apostolic Fathers had replaced the original apostles by this time. Christianity was founded by Yeshua of Nazareth, now generally referred to as Jesus Christ -- a Greek translation of "Messiah.

His words and opinions carry no more insight or wisdom than any other bishop. Periodic persecution, particularly during the 10th and 11th centuries, and the European Crusades accelerated a gradual process of conversions to Islam, and by the end of the 12th century Egypt was predominantly Muslim.

History of Christianity in Africa. There was no central authority, no standard style of organization at the local level, no dedicated church buildings or cathedrals. The Oriental Orthodox Church rejected the decree that the nature of Christ is equally human and divine. Paul went on a series of missionary journeys around the eastern Mediterranean in what is now Orthodox Church territory.

Egyptian Coptic religion gave rise to the Christian monastic movement. To all these churches, the claim to catholicity universality, oneness with the ancient church is important for multiple doctrinal reasons that have more bearing internally in each church than in their relation to the others, now separated in faith.

Alexandria by the fourth century was the largest Christian city in the world. Bishops are equal in authority and cannot interfere in the jurisdiction of another bishop.

Several other churches in EuropeAsiaand Africa also came to use Orthodox in their titles, but are still distinct from the Eastern Orthodox Church as described in this article.Christianity Today Weekly (Weekly)CTWeekly delivers the best content from fresh-air-purifiers.com to your inbox each week.

Today in Christian History (Daily)A daily newsletter featuring the most. The Orthodox Church in America. The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit ”.

The Eastern Orthodox Church, a branch of Christianity also known as Eastern Orthodoxy, Orthodox Christianity, or the Orthodox Church, is a body of Christians largely living in Eastern Europe. Eastern Orthodox Christianity And Roman Catholic Christianity Religion Essay.

Print Reference this Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. This date marks an important moment in the history of all Christian denominations. called the "first among equals", but the Eastern Orthodox Church does not believe the highest ranking bishop, or.

Today, the Eastern Orthodox churches constitute a family of related churches, including the Greek, Russian, Bulgaria, Romanian, and Syrian churches, each. Coptic Christian Church Essay The Coptic period covers most of the first six centuries of the Common Era.

Copt derives from the Greek word Aegyptus, in turn derived from Hikaptah, or .

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