They point out that, unlike human beings, society does not have needs; society is only alive in the sense that it is made up of living individuals. This is achieved through making sense out of those things. According to functionalist theories, institutions come about and persist because they play a function in society, promoting stability and integration.
In organic societies there is a differentiation between different groups which function as subsets of the societal organism. How Functionalism religion essay cite this page Choose cite format: In the functionalist perspective, society and its institutions are the primary units of analysis.
Each theory is seen to affect the views of every individual in the society. Whereas functionalism sees religion as a unifying force and a feature all societies. The interactionism theory affects the views of an individual in that it makes them belief that through religion, they are able to understand things in a better way.
This is because they bring harm to the society and no benefit at all.
Functionalism Functionalism is the sociological theory which holds that each part of society is necessary for the functioning of the social organism.
It outlines concepts that religion brings about equilibrium by providing a structure whereby the society functions peacefully Livesey, n. As they believe in God, God grants them the desires of their heart Lizardo, How to cite this page Choose cite format: This includes religious Functionalism religion essay, offering of sacrifices to God, transformations from paganism to spirituality and many other changes.
And this is as a result of the way functionalism theory affects the views of the society about religion Blumer, Religion achieves this through its forms and with all its mechanisms of authority and cohesion, comfort and confrontation.
It satisfies individual needs and religion give people a sense of identity. The theory also ignores the powerful historical and economic factors that have influenced social events and social relationships.
Functionalism religion essay believe that religion offers optimum security and further still, religion brings a sense of certainty in the uncertain world. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Sociology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
Profane — Everything else in the world that do not have a religious function or hold religious meaning. Equilibrium needs to be maintained in order for the social organism to be healthy, if one part becomes too strong or too weak the other parts must compensate in order to return to equlibrium.
Moreover, critics also argue that functionalism is unable to explain social change because it focuses so intently on social order and equilibrium in society. This comes up due to the fact that since religion has been translated to groups of beliefs such as Christianity, individuals believe in God according to the teachings.
Religion offers solace to the believers and helps them overcome the challenges of life. It is the only way to get transformation Livesey, n. The theories also affect religion in different ways and individuals view it in different ways too.
Society evolves just like any organism would. This also applied to the individual level. From the theory of functionalism, one can draw a conclusion that religion is not all about building temples and keeping shrines, but real religion is all about healing broken hearts and uniting people to God.
The focus of functionalism on elements of social life in relation to their present function, and not their past functions, makes it difficult to use functionalism to explain why a function of some element of society might change, or how such change occurs.
The conflict theory affects the view point of an individual in that; it makes a person think of religion to be functioning in a way to safeguard the powerful and the rich in their positions. The society for instance views religion as something sacred, that it should be respected simply because it is associated with a supreme being.
Cohesion is the glue that cements the bonds while solidarity are the sentiments common to all within the cohesive group.
Merton observed that institutions could have both manifest and latent function — the element of a behaviour that is not explicitly stated, organised, or intended, and is thereby hidden. Some of the members of society may lose function as society replaces certain parts of itself with cyborg parts.
Each part of society must feel that society in large benefits them and that they are a vital part of society.
Since that time it has steadily dropped from favour, partly because of damaging criticism, partly because other approaches are seen to answer certain questions more successfully, and partly because it simply went out of fashion.
It is prominent in the work of Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencertwo of the founding fathers of the discipline.
For example if the heart failed all of the other major organs would die along with the organism. To Functionalism religion essay with, functionalist idea is that all the systems organs in society are functioning in harmony it will remind healthy. In every society there is existence of evil.Functionalists believe that religion is an agency of socialization, and the role of socialization religion plays is that of cultural learning.
It believes that society represents an external limitation as norms and values regulate and limit our behaviour. Essay Writing Guide.
Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers. Learn more. AS and A Level. Compare and contrast Marxist and functionalist views of religion.
The Marxist view of religion, however seems to think different. Marx believes that religion is an illusion which eases the pain produced by exploition and.
The Goal of Functionalism in Religion - Karl Marx’s theory on religion is superior to Freud’s and Durkheim’s as his functionalism explanation that religion is the opium of the people can be backed from evidence from history but also present day. "The difference between conflict and functionalist theories on religion are: *Conflict theory refers to religion as "the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of the soulless condition.
It is the opium of the people". Functionalism is a structural-consensus perspective that views society as a system.
Functionalist View on the Role and Functions of Religion in Society Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support the Functionalist view of the role and functions of religion in contemporary society. Free Essay: Discuss the functionalist perspective on religion.
(20 marks) The functionalist perspective is a consensus theory; it believes that society has a.Download